Fill in the Blanks

For this item type you need to drag and drop words across the screen to correctly fill in the gaps in the text.

There is a passage with some missing words. You have a list of words in bold that you can use to fill the gaps in the text. There are more bold words than gaps so you will not use all the words provided.

Question 1

About three million young people in the United States are ………….. in cheer-leading. People often think of cheerleaders when they think of school spirit. Cheerleaders are a …………….. at football games and other sports events. They help get the crowds excited for their team. In the past, cheer-leading at American schools mostly involved shouting cheers and jumping up and down. But cheer-leading has …………. into a sport of its own. The moves are more physical.Cheerleaders, for example, are often thrown into the air. The ……………. of modern cheer-leading has led to more injuries. A new study shows that the number nationwide increased one hundred ten percent during the years examined. It says hospital emergency rooms ……………… more than two hundred thousand cheerleaders between 1990 and 2002.

tradition | involved | grown | part | difficulty | treated | complexity | admitted

 

Answer: involved | tradition | grown | difficulty | treated

Question 2

The American Civil War began in 1861 as a …………  over the right of states to leave the Union. President Abraham Lincoln firmly …………..  that a state did not have that right. And he declared war on the southern states that tried to leave. Lincoln had only one reason to fight: to save the Union. In time, however, there was another reason to fight: to free the black people held as slaves in the South. Lincoln had tried to keep the ………….. of slavery out of the war. He feared it would ……………… the northern war effort. Many men throughout the North would fight to save the Union. They would not fight to free the slaves.

thought | struggle | believed | hamper | issue | weaken | demand

 

Answer: struggle | believed | issue | weaken

Question 3

The use of valuable stones like diamonds goes back thousands of years. Rulers of many ancient ………….. used gemstones to show wealth and importance. Diamonds still …………… power and fame. Rich and famous people around the world wear diamonds. And, most women in the United States receive a diamond ring when they agree to a marriage proposal. Diamonds are ………….. from the Earth. They are cut, made to shine and then sold at high prices. The nation of South Africa is ………… for its supply of diamonds. For generations, men have gone deep down into the Earth to bring out the rough stones. It is very …………… and dangerous work.

demanding | signify | cultures | exploited | represent | mined | famous | difficult | supplier

 

Answer: cultures | represent | mined | famous | difficult

Question 4

In Scotland it was believed the fairies sit on the mushrooms and use them as tables for their fetes, while in Wales the story goes that the mushrooms were …………… by the fairy folk and used as parasols or umbrellas. Even now in Wales it’s said the rings …………… an underground fairy village. Welsh folklore also ……………… the rings as locations of fertility and fortune, and claim that crops grown around them and livestock ………………. nearby will flourish.

signify | picked | feeding | considers | plucked | marked | living

 

Answer: plucked | signify | considers | feeding

Question 5

Worldwide, around 60 per cent of the 500 known primate species are ……………. with extinction. Primates live in tropical and subtropical areas and are mainly found in regions of Africa, South America, Madagascar and Asia. However, the extinction of a species must be …………….. a global problem. An international research team that includes two scientists from the German Primate Center — Leibniz Institute for Primate Research, …………… the economic, social, cultural, ecological and scientific importance of primates and the global ……………… of species extinctions. They call for a strengthening of awareness and a rethinking of the impending extinction events.

consequences |  threatened | evaluated |awaiting | considered | effects | recognized

 

Answer: threatened | considered | evaluated | consequences

Question 6

For decades, scientists have …………… that the movement of Earth’s tectonic plates is driven largely by negative buoyancy created as they cool. New research, however, shows plate dynamics are ……………….. significantly by the additional force of heat drawn from the Earth’s core. The new findings also challenge the theory that underwater mountain ranges known as mid-ocean ridges are ………… boundaries between moving plates. The findings show the East Pacific Rise, the Earth’s ……………. mid-ocean ridge, is dynamic as heat is transferred.

driven |  dominant |  theorized | passive | powered | assumed | parallel

 

Answer: theorized | powered | passive | dominant