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Question 1

A. Liberal is conservative in a moderate Midwestern kind of way which is changing fast due to big National Beef Packing plant which relies on Hispanic migrants and thus four-fifths of the children in Liberal’s public-school system are Hispanic.

B. Liberal’s mayor, Joe Denoyer, who was raised in a Democratic family near Chicago and moved to Liberal in search of work.

C. This should make the town receptive to Democrats, but Mr. Trump easily won the county of which it forms part.

D. Mr. Denoyer voted for Mr. Trump by being impressed by his promise, though he thinks it unlikely that the president will keep his promises.

E. The town of Liberal is said to have been named for an early settler famous among travelers for being free with drinking water.


Answer: EACBD

Question 2

A. With these, hunters could approach Belugas within hunting range and profit from its inner skin and blubber.

B. Belugas seem to have used their well-known sensitivity to noise to evolve an ‘avoidance’ strategy to outsmart hunters and their powerful technologies.

C. To escape an approaching motor, Belugas have learned to dive to the ocean bottom and stay there for up to 20 minutes, by which time the confused predator has left.

D. Today, however, even with much more powerful engines, it is difficult to come close, because the whales seem to disappear suddenly just when you thought you had them in your sights.

E. High-powered outboard motors were considered to be one of the major threats to the survival of the Beluga whales.

F. When the first outboard engines arrived in the early 1930s, one came across 4 and 8 HP motors.


Answer: EFADCB

Question 3

A. Her comprehension of language is therefore very high.

B. According to recent research, the critical period for developing language skills is between the ages of three and five and a half years.

C. The read-to child already has a large vocabulary and a sense of grammar and sentence structure.

D. Children who are read to in these years have a far better chance of reading well in school, indeed, of doing well in all their subjects.

E. And the reason is actually quite simple.

F. This correlation is far and away the highest yet found between home influences and school success


Answer: BDFECA

Question 4

A. One modern view of Paganism is that it is the “ancestral religion of the whole of humanity”, and whilst it is an ancient religion, it remains active in the modern world.

B. The word ‘pagan’ is derived from Latin, and may be translated to mean ‘country dweller’.

C. This term was first used during the Early Christian period to describe those who had yet to embrace Christianity.

D. Modern Paganism (known also as Neopaganism or Contemporary Paganism) is a movement / group of religions / spiritual traditions centered on the reverence of nature.

E. It was used as a derogatory term to separate believers (in the Christian God) from unbelievers


Answer: DBCEA

Question 5

A. However, the authorities there aren’t ready to rest on their laurels, and they’ve decided to carry through a real revolution in their school system.

B. Finnish officials want to remove school subjects from the curriculum.

C. There will no longer be any classes in physics, math, literature, history, or geography.

D. Finland’s education system is considered one of the best in the world.

E. In international ratings, it’s always in the top ten


Answer: DEABC

Question 6

A. The implicit or explicit purpose of most of these authors is to help prevent the expected disaster by suggesting changes in human behaviour or policies.

B. Thus these works are not really predictions of what the future will be like, but rather what it could be like if present trends continue.

C. There are a number of writings today warning that if humankind does not change its ways some kind of disaster will occur in the future.

D. Jonathan Schell argues that the nation-state system, with its competition among big nations armed with nuclear weapons and with the proliferation of nuclear weapons to developing nations, is leading the world to a nuclear war.

E. The most frequently discussed disasters are those caused by nuclear weapons, food shortages, pollution, overpopulation and over-consumption, the depletion of non-renewable resources, and cosmic collisions.


Answer: CABED